Women make up more than half of the U.S. population, but they remain far underrepresented in film and television, according to a study from the Women’s Media Center.
The study found that only 28.8% of speaking characters in 2012’s top-grossing films were female, according to The Hollywood Reporter.
The Women’s Media Center, founded by actress Jane Fonda, Robin Morgan and Gloria Steinem, said in its annual report that “the American media have exceedingly more distance to travel on the road to gender-blind parity.”
Only 6% of the top 100 films in 2012 included a balanced cast of men and women, for example.
Television also lacked gender parity, with only 43% of speaking parts in prime-time programming given to female characters. The women also tended to be much younger than the men.
“The media is failing women across the board,” Julie Burton, president of the organization, said. “The numbers tell a clear story for the need for change on every media platform.”