A western lowland gorilla who loved cats and became famous as a pioneer of interspecies communication has died. Koko died in her sleep Tuesday morning at the Gorilla Foundation’s preserve in the Santa Cruz Mountains in California, the foundation reported. She was 46.
“Koko touched the lives of millions as an ambassador for all gorillas and an icon for interspecies communication and empathy,” the foundation noted. “She was beloved and will be deeply missed.”
The foundation’s announcement adds: “Koko, a western lowland gorilla, was born Hanabi-ko (Japanese for ‘Fireworks Child’) on July 4, 1971, at the San Francisco Zoo. Dr. Francine ‘Penny’ Patterson began working with Koko the next year, famously teaching her sign language. Dr. Patterson and Dr. Ronald Cohn moved Koko and the project to Stanford in 1974 and went on to establish The Gorilla Foundation. While at Stanford the project expanded to include a second western lowland gorilla, Michael. In 1979 Koko and The Gorilla Foundation moved to the Santa Cruz Mountains where Ndume joined them as a fellow ambassador for their species.
“Koko’s capacity for language and empathy has opened the minds and hearts of millions. She has been featured in multiple documentaries and appeared on the cover of National Geographic twice. The first cover, in October of 1978, featured a photograph Koko had taken of herself in a mirror. The second issue, in January of 1985, included the story of Koko and her kitten, All Ball. Following the article, the book ‘Koko’s Kitten’ was published and continues to be used in elementary schools worldwide. Her impact has been profound and what she has taught us about the emotional capacity of gorillas and their cognitive abilities will continue to shape the world.
“The foundation will continue to honor Koko’s legacy and advance our mission with ongoing projects including conservation efforts in Africa, the great ape sanctuary on Maui, and a sign language application featuring Koko for the benefit of both gorillas and children.”
Here’s a video report posted by Time magazine …